Types of Sentences According to Function

A set of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command, and consisting of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses. There are various types of sentence depending upon its structure and function. On the basis of its function a sentence has the following four kinds like Declarative Sentence, Interrogative Sentence, Imperative Sentence and Exclamatory Sentence.

Types of Sentences According to Function with Example

Types of Sentences According to Function

Types of Sentences According to Function with Example

Declarative Sentence

A sentence which declares or asserts a statement is called declarative sentence. It simply announces an idea. These are probably the most common kind of sentence in writing, speeches, and lectures; they are the meat-and-potatoes of giving information. Other kinds of sentence may be more common in conversation with your friends.


  • The boy walked home.
  • I love honey.
  • He wants to eat cookies, but he doesn’t know how to make any.

Interrogative Sentences

An interrogative sentence asks a question. When we want to ask question we use interrogative sentences. Interrogative sentences are usually written in kind of a word order. This type of sentence often begins with who, what, where, when, why, how, or do, and it ends with a question mark.


  • When are you going to turn in your writing assignment?
  • Do you know what the weather will be tomorrow?

Imperative Sentence

A sentence which expresses a request a command or an order is called imperative sentence. An imperative sentence mostly ends with a period. It can also sometimes ends with an exclamation marks.


  • Please sit down.
  • I need you to sit down now!

Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory sentences are like declarative sentences in that they make a statement instead of asking a question but their main purpose is to express strong emotion. They are easily recognized because they end in an exclamation point instead of a period.


  • Have fun at the fair!
  • Come to the fair with me!
  • Feed the dog once per day.
  • Please don’t give the dog popcorn.
  • Stop feeding the dog!

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