Part of Speech in English Definitions and Examples

A part of speech is a category of words which have similar grammatical properties worlds that are assigned to the same part of speech generally display similar behavior in terms of syntax. They play similar roles within the grammatical structure of sentence and sometimes in terms of morphology in that they undergo inflection for similar properties. Traditional grammar classifies words based on eight parts of speech: the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection.

What are the 8 parts of Speech

Each part of speech explains not what the word is, but how the word is used. In fact, the same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in the next. The next few examples show how a word’s part of speech can change from one sentence to the next, and following them is a series of sections on the individual parts of speech.

8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples

There are eight main parts of speech such as Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions and Interjections. Most parts of speech can be divided into sub classes. Prepositions can be divided into prepositions of time, prepositions of place. Nouns can be divided into proper nouns, common nouns, concrete nouns.

Parts of Speech Pdf

Part of Speech in English

Parts of Speech Examples

Nouns:

Nouns is an important part of speech which is used a lot in written as well as spoken English. “ A noun is a word that name a place, a person, a thing, an animal or an idia. A noun is a word for a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns are often used with an article (the, a, an), but not always. Proper nouns always start with a capital letter; common nouns do not. Nouns can be singular or plural, concrete or abstract. Nouns show possession by adding ‘s. Nouns can function in different roles within a sentence.

Examples of nouns: Daniel, London, table, dog, teacher, pen, city, happiness, hope.

Pronouns:

2nd most important part of speech is Pronoun. A pronoun is used in place of a noun or noun phrase to avoid repetition. A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. A pronoun is usually substituted for a specific noun, which is called its antecedent. In the sentence above, the antecedent for the pronoun she is the girl.

Examples of pronouns: I, you, we, they, he, she, it, me, us, them, him, her, this, those.

Adjective:

An adjective describes, modifies or gives more information about a noun or pronoun.

An adjective is a word used to modify or describe a noun or a pronoun. It usually answers the question of which one, what kind, or how many.

Examples: big, happy, green, young, fun, crazy, three

Verb:

A verb shows an action or state of being. A verb shows what something is doing.

The verb in a sentence expresses action or being. There is a main verb and sometimes one or more helping verbs. A verb must agree with its subject in number (both are singular or both are plural).

Examples: slowly, quietly, very, always, never, too, well, tomorrow, here.

Adverb:

An adverb describes/modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. It tells how, where, when, how often or to what extent.

An adverb describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb, but never a noun. It usually answers the questions of when, where, how, why, under what conditions, or to what degree.

Examples: slowly, quietly, very, always, never, too, well, tomorrow, here.

Example sentences: I am usually busy. Yesterday, I ate my lunch quickly.

Preposition:

A preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. They can indicate time place or relationship.

A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence. Therefore a preposition is always part of a prepositional phrase. The prepositional phrase almost always functions as an adjective or as an adverb.

Examples: at, on, in, from, with, near, between, about, under

Example sentences: I left my keys on the table for you.

Conjunction:

A conjunction joins two words ideas, phrases or clauses together in a sentence and show how they are connected.

A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses, and indicates the relationship between the elements joined. Coordinating conjunctions connect grammatically equal elements: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet.

Examples: and, or, but, because, so, yet, unless, since, if.

Example sentences: I was hot and exhausted but I still finished the marathon.

Interjection:

An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses a strong feeling or emotion. It is short exclamation. An interjection is a word used to express emotion. It is often followed by an exclamation point.

Examples: Ouch! Wow! Great! Help! Oh! Hey! Hi!

Example sentences: Wow! I passed my English test. Great! – Ouch! That hurt.

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